The official name of the central South American country of Bolivia is the “Plurinational State of Bolivia”, a nod to its multiethnic population of about 10 million people of Amerindian, Mestizo, European, and African descent. The main language is Spanish, although Aymara and Quechua are prevalent as well, along with other indigenous languages. This cultural heterogeneity has given birth to rich folkloric traditions in art, literature, music, and cuisine.
The country boasts tropical rainforest as well as snowy Andean peaks. Many visitors enjoy trekking among the high Andean plains and peaks to admire the rare and elegant vicuña and the world’s largest bird of flight, the endangered Andean Condor. The Amazon jungle and marsh region are also popular for their wealth of tropical birds and other animals. Important archeological ruins, especially Tiwanaku near the southwestern coast of Lake Titicaca, are also a major draw, as our unique geological marvels such as the world’s largest salt desert, the Uyuni Salt Flats.